How to Learn Programming from Scratch: A Beginner’s Guide

Programming is a great skill to learn in today’s digital age, where computer technology is advancing at a rapid pace. Learning programming can seem daunting, especially if you’re starting from scratch. But don’t worry, with the right mindset and tools, anyone can learn programming. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll walk you through the essential steps to help you start and succeed in learning programming from scratch.

Step 1: Choose the Right Programming Language

There are many programming languages out there, each with its own syntax and purpose. It’s essential to choose the right programming language that matches your goals and interests. Here are some popular programming languages to choose from:

– Python: Python is an easy-to-learn programming language that is widely used in data science, artificial intelligence (AI), and web development.
– Java: Java is an object-oriented programming language used to build desktop and mobile applications, server-side applications, and web applications.
– C/C++: C/C++ are low-level programming languages that are used to develop operating systems, game engines, and high-performance applications.

Step 2: Find a Good Learning Resource

Finding a good learning resource is crucial to learn programming from scratch. Some popular learning resources include:

– Online Courses: Online courses such as Udemy, Coursera, and Codecademy offer comprehensive learning programs that cover all the basics of programming.
– Books: Many programming books are available in print and e-book format, which you can buy or borrow from your local library.
– YouTube Videos: YouTube has many programming tutorials that range from beginner to advanced levels.

Step 3: Set Goals and Learn by Doing

Setting goals is an excellent way to stay motivated when learning programming. Start by setting small goals, such as learning how to print “Hello, World!” to the console in your chosen programming language. As you progress, set more challenging goals, such as building a simple game or creating a website. The crucial step is to practice programming actively. Write code, debug mistakes, try new things, and ask for feedback.

Step 4: Join Programming Communities

Joining programming communities is an excellent way to connect with other programmers who can offer you support, resources, and feedback. Reddit has several active programming subreddits, such as r/learnprogramming, where you can ask for help and share your work. Other popular programming communities include GitHub, Stack Overflow, and Discord.

Step 5: Stay Consistent and Keep Learning

Learning programming is a continuous process that requires consistent effort and time. Don’t lose touch, and keep practicing regularly and expanding your knowledge. Participate in coding challenges, take on freelance projects, attend hackathons, and keep learning new programming languages to remain up-to-date.


Learning programming from scratch is a challenging but rewarding process that offers many benefits. By following these five steps, you can start learning programming and become proficient with regular practice and dedication. Choose your programming language, find a good learning resource, set your goals, join programming communities, and stay consistent. With these tools, you’ll be on your way to becoming a successful programmer.

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