The Dos and Don’ts of Responsive Web Design

web design
In today’s world, where people are using various devices to browse the internet, responsive web design is essential for any business or website owner. Responsive web design is a technique that enables web pages to adjust and adapt to different screen sizes, resolutions, and orientations, providing optimal user experience. However, creating a responsive website is not just about resizing the images and adjusting the layout. There are many dos and don’ts that you need to follow to ensure your website is truly responsive.


1. Use a Responsive Framework: One of the most important things to consider when creating a responsive website is using a responsive framework. There are many frameworks available, such as Bootstrap, Foundation, and Materialize. All these frameworks offer a set of responsive components, such as navigation, forms, and grid systems, that make the process of creating a responsive website more manageable.

2. Start With Mobile-First Design: When designing a responsive website, it’s essential to start with mobile-first design. This means that you should design your website for mobile devices first, then scale up for larger screens. This approach ensures that your website looks great on smaller screens and offers an optimal user experience.

3. Optimize Images: Images play a vital role in website design, and they can significantly impact the page load time. Therefore, it’s crucial to optimize images by compressing them as much as possible without losing quality. You can also use responsive images, which load different size images based on the device and screen resolution.

4. Use CSS Media Queries: CSS media queries allow you to apply different CSS styles based on the screen size and device orientation. For example, you can hide certain elements on smaller screens or adjust font sizes based on the screen width.

5. Test Your Website: After creating a responsive website, it’s essential to test it on different devices to ensure it looks and functions correctly. You can use various testing tools, such as BrowserStack, to test your website on different browsers and devices.


1. Use Fixed Width Layouts: One of the significant mistakes that many website owners make is using fixed-width layouts. Fixed-width layouts do not adjust to different screen sizes, which makes the website difficult to view on smaller screens.

2. Use Flash: Flash was a popular technology a few years back, but it’s not supported on many devices and browsers. Therefore, it’s recommended not to use Flash on your website.

3. Overuse Images and Graphics: Although images and graphics are essential elements of a website, overusing them can significantly impact the page load time. Therefore, it’s recommended to use images and graphics sparingly and optimize them as much as possible.

4. Ignore Website Speed: Website speed is an essential factor in user experience and search engine rankings. Therefore, it’s crucial to optimize your website speed by reducing the page load time, enabling caching, and minimizing HTTP requests.

5. Ignore Accessibility: Accessibility is a critical factor in website design as it ensures that people with disabilities can use your website. Therefore, it’s recommended to follow the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) and make your website accessible to everyone.

In conclusion, creating a responsive website requires following certain dos and don’ts. By using a responsive framework, designing mobile-first, optimizing images, using CSS media queries, and testing your website, you can create a website that works across devices and screen sizes. On the other hand, by avoiding fixed-width layouts, flash, overusing images and graphics, ignoring website speed, and ignoring accessibility, you can prevent common mistakes and create a website that offers an optimal user experience.

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